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Organizational Barriers to Peace: The Role of Learning and Luck in International Peacebuilding Print
Brown Bag Seminar, Speaker: Susanna Campbell, Visiting Scholar, World Trade Institute and PhD Candidate, The Fletcher School, Tufts University
12 November 2008, 12.15 - 13.45, Auditorium Anna Nussbaum, WTI, Berne, Switzerland

In spite of the increasing number of international actors engaged in peacebuilding, and the accumulation of almost two decades of lessons learned, international peacebuilding efforts continue to fall far short of expectations. Peacebuilding and statebuilding literature offer numerous explanations for these failures, focusing primarily on factors exogenous to the internal functioning of peacebuilding organizations. Recently, however, several authors have begun to examine how endogenous organizational factors in international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and donor government agencies might relate to rates of success and failure.

Specifically, Lise Morje Howard (2008) has found that organizational learning is a necessary condition for successful UN peacekeeping missions. Literature on organizational learning, however, argues that all organizations have difficulty learning, and that peacebuilding organizations may be particularly disadvantaged. If peacebuilding organizations are unable to learn how to achieve their peacebuilding aims in each new post-conflict country, then does their learning capacity constitute a significant barrier to the achievement of their aims? This presentation will outline the theoretical framework for the examination of this puzzle.

Susanna P. Campbell - a brief biography

Susanna P. Campbell has twelve years of experience with conflict prevention and peacebuilding. She was a Research Associate for the Center for Preventive Action of the Council on Foreign Relations (New York, 1996-1999); Coordinator, Great Lakes Early Warning and Early Response Network (London/Kenya, 1999-2000); and Reporting Officer (P-3) UNICEF Burundi (2000-2002). Since 2003, as an independent consultant, she has authored numerous studies on conflict prevention and peacebuilding including: A Framework for Responsible Aid to Burundi (International Crisis Group Report, No. 57, 2003); “Institutional Capacity Building for Conflict Sensitivity,” in Conflict Sensitive Approaches to Development, Humanitarian Assistance and Peacebuilding: A Resource Pack (International Alert, 2004); The Burundi Leadership Training Program: A Prospective Assessment (co-author, The World Bank, 2004); and A Framework for Improved Coordination (co-author, National Defense University, 2005). In addition, Ms. Campbell has served as an external reviewer for the LICUS Implementation Trust Fund (World Bank, 2006), a Peacebuilding Consultant for Catholic Relief Services (2006), a Consultant for the Integrated Missions Project of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2007), and is currently conducting a Global Review for the World Bank of its Leadership Development Programs.

She has published articles in several journals – International Peacekeeping (2008) and the Journal of Peacebuilding and Development (2008) – and edited volumes – Preventing and Rebuilding Failed States (2008) and Cases and Strategies for Preventive Action (1998). Ms. Campbell is currently a Ph.D. Candidate at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. Her dissertation is entitled Organizational Barriers to Peace. She is a recipient of the United States Institute of Peace Jennings Randolph Peace Scholar Dissertation Fellowship (2008-2009) and the Tufts University Provost Fellowship (2007-2008).





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